January 1, 2013

Juno: The Queen of Heaven

Posted in Goddess Project, Goddess Things tagged , , , , , , at 10:20 pm by Babs

Juno is the Roman mother-goddess protecting childbirth, marriage and women in general.  She is the wife of Jovis (Jupiter) the Roman equivalent to the Greek Zeus.

Though generally equated with the Greek Goddess Hera, Juno was in fact a native Latin Goddess with a mythology of Her own; some has survived.  Her disposition was also much different from Hera’s, and She was accounted the wisest counselor and beloved wife of Jupiter, which she was not from the beginning of her worship.

She actually started as a Goddess of her own right and was responsible for youth.  There was a famous statue of Juno from the Etruscan city Veii, which the Romans transferred in 296 before our time to Roam after defeating the city.  The church Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome was erected near the site of an old temple dedicated to Juno Lucina:

Even in the late Empire a temple to the Roman mother-goddess Juno Lucina was still flourishing on the Esquiline Hill and was frequented by many Roman matrons approaching childbirth.  It is highly likely that a church to the Virgin Mother of God was erected to supplant the enduring pagan cult of Juno Lucina.  In fact, some of Santa Maria Maggiore’s marble columns came from the Juno Lucina temple, which was located, according to archeological findings, about 300 meters from the basilica’s present site.

– cited from: The Basilica of Summer Snows by June Hager

Juno and the Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty in New York harbor was presented in 1884 as a gift from the French Grant Orient Temple Masons to the Masons of America in celebration of the centenary of the first Masonic Republic.  She is holding the Masonic “Torch of Enlightenment”.  Also referred to back in the 1700’s by the Illuminati Masons as the “Flaming Torch of Reason”.  The torch represents the sun in the sky.   The official title of the statue is “Liberty Enlightening the World”.   The cornerstone of the statue records how it was laid in a Masonic ceremony.

The torch symbol to the Illuminati means to “bare light” and one way to symbolize this is by carrying a torch.  A torch sits on top of the Statue of Liberty, on top of JFK’s grave, and on top of the tunnel where Princess Diana was killed.

The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was placed in a solemn ceremony in 1884 organized by the Masonic lodges of New York.  The Statue of Liberty, which was designed by the French sculptor Bartholdi and actually built by the French engineer, Gustave Eiffel (both well-known Freemasons), was not originally a “Statue of Liberty” at all, but first planned by Bartholdi for the opening of the Suez Canal in Egypt in 1867.

Bartholdi, like many French Freemasons of his time, was deeply steeped in ‘Egyptian’ rituals, and it has often been said that he conceived the original statue as an effigy of the goddess Isis, and only later converted it to a ‘Statue of Liberty’ for New York harbor when it was rejected for the Suez Canal.”

– from best-selling author, Robert Bauval

The goddess Isis is known by many names, including Juno.  Interestingly, the goddess Juno made an appearance on a Vatican coin in 1963 (with her torch) during the period of the alleged Freemason Roncalli’s Pontificate, the curiously named John XXIII, architect of the disastrous Vatican II.

The torch analogy is very interesting.  The original statue of Bartholdi destined first for Port Said at the mouth of the Suez Canal, was also to bear a torch intended to symbolize ‘the orient showing the way’.  The ‘Grant Orient’, of course, is the name of the French Masonic mother lodge, and to which Bartholdi belonged.  There is another similar torch that played a strange role in the French Revolution, but of which I will reveal later in my forthcoming book “Talisman”.  It still is to be seen in the skyline of Paris today.

People today do not realize the power of such symbolism, and how they can be used with devastating effect on the minds of the unsuspecting masses.  And this is worrying.  The SS Nazi movement made prolific use of all these “symbol games” and wreaked havoc in the world.”

– from best-selling author, Robert Bauval

Below: Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, the sculpture of the Statue of Liberty, on a Masonic Card (notice the Masonic compass and square).

Qualities of Juno

Juno was prepared to go to any lengths to protect her relationship with her husband.  She gives us the energy to fight for the elements we want and deserve in a relationship in order to preserve and enrich the home environment.

Suggested Mantra: Soul Connection

Suggested Affirmations:

  • I stand in complete satisfaction
  • I embrace life in its absolute fullness
  • At this moment, I have all that I need
  • I love life in all its facets and colors
  • I give love as I deserve and receive love
  • I deepen my willingness to give and receive unconditional love

Gemstones:

  • Amber
  • Tiger Eye
  • Yellow Jade
  • Garnet
  • Boji Stone
  • Carnelian
  • Citrine

More About Juno:

Juno was married to the Roman God Jupiter and thus represents the wife and life partner.  Juno’s energies have moved on from Aphrodite’s courting phase, to a fuller commitment to share her physical, emotional and spiritual self through union with a soul mate.  Juno protected her status as Queen of Olympus with a passion.  She did not ignore her husband’s philandering, but took her violent revenge on the concubines and conquests, thereby preserving what she saw as a happy union (and her image as a diligent and devoted wife).

The month of June was named after this goddess (it is summer in the northern hemisphere, and therefore a time considered extra fortuitous for weddings.

Juno’s Legacy:

The vestige that still remains of Juno’s worship in today’s culture is that of brides still choosing to marry in the month of June, thus assuring themselves of her blessings for June was named after this goddess.  Under her different names Juno ruled not only marriage but the entire reproductive life of each woman.  She is the ruler of femininity.

A very ancient Italian goddess, Juno was long recognized as one of the predominant Roman divinities.  Juno ruled along with Minerva and Jupiter to make up the trinity that ruled Rome.  She was Regina, “the queen”.  One of her most famous names was Moneta or “warner” earned many times over.  Once when her sacred geese sent up such a squawking that the city was warned of invading Gauls, another time when an earthquake threatened and Juno’s voice from heaven alerted the city, and finally when the under-funded Roman generals came to Juno’s temple for advice and were told that any war fought ethically would find popular and financial support.  This last warning made her the matron of the Roman mint, which was located in her temple and turned her title into a word for ‘money’.

Most of all, Juno was the goddess of time.  As the daughter of Saturn, she was a symbol of the menstrual cycle as the marking of time.  Goddess of the new moon, she was worshipped by Roman women on Calends, or the first, of each lunar month.  In addition to these monthly celebrations, Juno was honored in two festivals: the unrestrained Nonae Caprotinae on July 7, when serving girls staged mock fights under a wild fig tree; and the more sedate Matronalia on March 1, when married women demanded money from their husbands to offer to the goddess of womanhood.

Curitis was originally a Sabine Goddess of Protection who especially guarded or watched over the clans of the people.  She was worshipped by the neighboring Faliscans, an Etruscan people whose main city was called Falerii, and who though Etruscan spoke a dialect closely related to Latin.  She was the main Deity of Falerii and considered their patron Goddess who protected the city.  Curitis was assumed to be a form of Juno by the Romans, who called Her (oddly enough)Juno Curitis; but considering the manner in which She was usually depicted, an identification with Menrfa (Roman Minerva) or Athene would seem more logical.  Like Minerva, who adopted Her image from the Greek Athene, Curitis was depicted as a martial Goddess who carried a spear and shield, and who wore a goat-skin mantle much like the aegis of the Greek myth, which was a short goat-skin cape of shield probably symbolic of the thunderclouds, as the spear was of the lightening.  Curitis’s name is from the Sabine word curis and means “of the spear”; in addition to its stormy associations, the spear was also seen as representing authority or command, emphasizing Her role as the ruling Goddess.

It is not known if the Faliscans themselves originally saw Curitis as an aspect of their great Mother Goddess Uni, or just how She got assimilated to the Roman Juno; perhaps the Romans took Her position as head Goddess to mean She must obviously have been their Juno, the Queen of the Gods.  As stated above, Curitis certainly does share more than a few similarities with Menrfa; but according to tradition, when Falerii was destroyed by the Romans in 241 BCE, their Menrfa was officially brought to Roma under the name Minerva Capta, or Minerva the Captive.  Falerii was home to a cult-center of Menrfa, though it has not been determined which of the several temples found there was Hers.  The temple of (Juno) Curitis, however, has been identified with the largest temple there, and dates to the 5th century BCE.  It is of a tripartite Etruscan design, much like the Temple of the Capitoline Triad in Rome which housed, with Jupiter, both Minerva and Juno.  This temple was built over the remains of an earlier one, and votive offerings found there date back even further, attesting to the importance of the site and to the Goddess worshipped there.  Curitis may have been brought to Rome at the same time as Minerva Capta with the destruction o Falerii; by that time, Curitis and Menrfa were evidently separate deities (fi they ever were the same): the evidence is quite tangled, but perhaps they had originally derived from a common Goddess.  at any rate, both Minerva and Juno were sky-goddesses who traditionally had the power to throw thunderbolts.

In Rome, Juno Curitis was considered the Goddess of the curiae, the political, religious, and familial divisions or clans of the people of Rome.  Curia most likely derived from the same Sabine word curis ‘spear’, as the Goddess’s name; and a related word quirite, ‘spearman’ or ‘warrior’, was used of the oldest tribal peoples of Rome.  The 30 curiae were traditionally said to have taken their names after the women who, in the legendary past of Rome’s founding, were abducted from the neighboring Sabine tribe in the episode usually known to history as “the Rape of the Sabine Women”.  The curiae were taken from the noble class (no plebeians need apply), and each curia had its own specific religious duties and Gods, as well as their own building in which to worship and meet to discuss political or religious matters.  The altar within this building  was called a mensa ‘table’ and was considered sacred to Juno Curitis.  As the curiae themselves had Sabine origins, it is likely that the Goddess Curitis was specifically a Goddess of the people or nobility from very early times.  Another related word in Latin is curious, a legal term for a man who is responsible for the welfare of someone who under Roman law was not considered legally able, such as a minor, which indicates the sort of relationship Juno Curitis was believed to have with Her people.

The Sabine name for the God Mars was Quirinus, which also comes from the same root meaning “spear” or “lance”.  In the Sabine tale He was the father of the founder of their capital city Cures.  The same legend was told of Mars as the father of Romulus, and Quirinus was adopted into Roman religion, either equated with Mars or used as the name for His deified son Romulus.  Now the mother of Mars was Juno, who was holding a magical flower to Her breast.  As they are both of Sabine origin, have names stemming from the same word, and as their counterparts are said to be related in later Roman myth, one wonders if Curitis and Quirinus were originally cult-partners among the Sabines, who were worshipped either as mother and son or as husband and wife.

Juno Curitis had a temple in Rome, dedicated on the 7th of October, in the Campus Marius.  The Campus Martius (or Field of Mars) was a large flat piece of land, mostly treeless and hard by the Tiber; it was rather prone to flooding as it was low-lying.  It was bounded on one side by the Quirinal Hill, named for a shrine to Quirinus; and the field itself was dedicated to Mars and considered public land, at least in the early times.  As it was a large space, the army assembled there, and another War-Deity, Bellona, had Her temple there.  It is not known quite where in the Campus Martius the temple of Juno Curitis stood, though it may be one of the temples in the modern Area Sacro di Largo Argentina.

Ovid, a poet writing under Augustus, who wrote one of the first books to be banned in history, the Ars Amatoria (the Art of Love), tells of the festival to Juno Curitis he attended in Falerii.  Games were held in which young men threw spears at a she-goat (whoever hit it would get the meat as a prize), the local cattle were shown, and a procession was held that ended at the Temple of Juno.  White cows were led, followed by claves, then a pig and a ram for sacrifice; and boys and girls threw flowers.  The girls, Ovid mentions, were dressed all in purple with gold and gems bound in their hair; and behind them the priestesses, dressed in white, carried the cult-statue of Juno.

In addition to being a Goddess of the people or curiae, Juno Curitis was believed to protect mothers and married women, and to keep their children healthy and strong.  The snake was sacred to Her, and sacrifices were made to Her at the Fornacalia, or the Festival of the Ovens.

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